Tag Archives: windows

Hardware Malware – WSWiR Episode 112

Tons of Patches, Facebook Botnets, and Infected Hand Scanners

After a couple weeks of hiatus, we’re finally back with our weekly security news summary video. If you want to learn about all the week’s important security news from one convenience resource, this is the place to get it.

This episode covers the latest popular software security updates from the last two weeks, and interesting Litecoin mining botnet that Facebook helped eradicate, and an advanced attack campaign that leverages pre-infected hardware products. Watch the video for the details, and check out the Reference’s for more information, and links to many other interesting InfoSec stories.

Enjoy your summer weekend, and stay safe!

(Episode Runtime: 7:37)

Direct YouTube Link: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=oAHYUW1KkM0

Episode References:

Extras:

— Corey Nachreiner, CISSP (@SecAdept)

Microsoft Service Bus DoS Mostly Affects Enterprise Web Developers.

Among this week’s Microsoft security bulletins is one that likely only affects a small subset of Microsoft customers, and thus not worth a full security alert.

Microsoft Service Bus is a messaging component that ships with server versions of Windows, providing enterprise developers with the means to create message-driven applications. According to Microsoft’s bulletin, Service Bus suffers from a denial of service (DoS) vulnerability involving it’s inability to properly handle a sequence of specially crafted messages. If you have created an application that uses Service Bus, an attacker who could send specially crafted messages to your application could exploit this flaw to prevent the application from responding to further messages. You’d have to restart the service to regain functionality.

Windows itself doesn’t really use Service Bus for anything, but if you have internal applications that do, this vulnerability may be significant to you. If you use Service Bus, be sure to check out the bulletin to get your updates. — Corey Nachreiner, CISSP (@SecAdept)

Windows Updates Mend Critical Journal Vulnerability & More

Severity: High

Summary:

  • These vulnerabilities affect: All current versions of Windows (and related components like XML Core Services)
  • How an attacker exploits them: Multiple vectors of attack, including enticing you to malicious web sites, or into interacting with malicious documents or images.
  • Impact: In the worst case, an attacker can gain complete control of your Windows computer
  • What to do: Install the appropriate Microsoft patches as soon as possible, or let Windows Automatic Update do it for you

Exposure:

Today, Microsoft released four security bulletins describing five vulnerabilities in Windows and related components, such as XML Core Services. An attacker could exploit the worst of these flaws to potentially gain complete control of your Windows PC. We recommend you download, test, and deploy these critical updates as quickly as possible.

The summary below lists the vulnerabilities, in order from highest to lowest severity.

Windows Journal is a basic note taking program that ships with Windows systems (though the server versions of Windows do not install it by default). It suffers from a vulnerability involving how it  handles specially crafted Journal files (.JNT). If an attacker can trick you into opening a malicious Journal file, perhaps embedded in an email or web site, he can exploit this flaw to execute code on your computer, with your privileges. If you have local administrative privileges, the attacker gains full control of your computer.

Microsoft rating: Critical

  • MS14-039:  On-Screen Keyboard Privilege Elevation Vulnerability

Windows ships with an accessibility option called the On-Screen Keyboard (OSK), which displays a virtual keyboard on your display you can use for character entry. It suffers from a local elevation of privilege (EoP) vulnerability. Basically, low privileged processes can run the OSK and use it to run other programs with the logged in users privileges. However, to exploit this flaw an attacker would first have to exploit another vulnerability in a low integrity process, which lessens the severity of this issue.

Microsoft rating: Important

  • MS14-040:  AFD Privilege Elevation Vulnerability

The Ancillary Function Driver (AFD) is a Windows component that helps manage Winsock TCP/IP communications. It suffers from a local elevation of privilege (EoP) issue. By running a specially crafted application, an attacker can leverage this flaw to execute code with full system privileges, regardless of his actual user privilege. However, in order to run his special program, the attacker would first need to gain local access to your Windows computers using valid credentials. This factor significantly reduces the risk of this flaw.

Microsoft rating: Important

  • MS14-041:  DirectShow Privilege Elevation Vulnerability

DirectShow (code-named Quartz) is a multimedia component that helps Windows handle various media streams, images, and files. It suffers from a local elevation of privilege (EoP) vulnerability. If an attacker can exploit another vulnerability to gain access to a low integrity process, she could then exploit this flaw this flaw to elevate her privileges to that of the currently logged in user.

Microsoft rating: Important

Microsoft’s Patch Day Video Summary:

Microsoft has recently started producing short videos to summarize each month’s Patch Day, which I’ve linked here for your convenience.

(Runtime: 2:24)

Direct YouTube Link: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=3j-5-xIMgks

Solution Path:

Microsoft has released various updates that correct all of these vulnerabilities. You should download, test, and deploy the appropriate updates throughout your network immediately. If you choose, you can also let Windows Update automatically download and install them for you. As always, you should test your updates before deploying them.

The links below point directly to the “Affected and Non-Affected Software” section of each bulletin, where you can find links to the various updates:

For All WatchGuard Users:

WatchGuard’s XTM appliances offer defenses that can mitigate the risk of some of these flaws; especially the Critical Windows Journal vulnerability. If you choose, you can leverage our proxies to prevent your users from receiving Journal files (.JNT) via email, web sites, or FTP sites. However, attackers can exploit some of the other flaws locally. Since your gateway XTM appliance can’t protect you against local attacks, we recommend you install Microsoft’s updates to completely protect yourself.

Status:

Microsoft has released patches correcting these issues.

References:

This alert was researched and written by Corey Nachreiner, CISSP (@SecAdept).


What did you think of this alert? Let us know at your.opinion.matters@watchguard.com.

IE Update Fixes Remote Code Execution and Certificate Issues

Summary:

  • This vulnerability affects: All current versions of Internet Explorer
  • How an attacker exploits it: Mostly by enticing one of your users to visit a web page containing malicious content
  • Impact: Various, in the worst case an attacker can execute code on your user’s computer, potentially gaining complete control of it
  • What to do: Deploy the appropriate Internet Explorer patches immediately, or let Windows Automatic Update do it for you

Exposure:

In a security bulletin released as part of Patch Day, Microsoft describes an update that fixes a 23 new vulnerabilities that affect all current versions of Internet Explorer (IE). Microsoft rates the aggregate severity of these new flaws as Critical.

Most of the vulnerabilities described in this alert (22 of the 23) are memory corruption vulnerabilities, which share the same general scope and impact. If an attacker can lure you to a web page containing malicious web code, he can exploit these memory corruption vulnerabilities to execute code on your computer, inheriting your privileges. If you have local administrative privileges, which most Windows users do, the attack could potentially gain full control of your computer

The update also fixes a publicly reported certificate handling issue having to do with how IE handles extended validation (EV) certificates and wildcards. Attackers could leverage this flaw to help make their phishing sites look more legitimate. Though this issue is pretty bad, the memory corruption flaws pose even more risk. They alone should convince you to update IE as soon as you can.

Keep in mind, today’s attackers often hijack legitimate web pages and booby-trap them with malicious code. Typically, they do this via hosted web ads or through SQL injection and cross-site scripting (XSS) attacks. Even recognizable and authentic websites could pose a risk to your users if hijacked in this way, and the vulnerabilities described in today’s bulletin are perfect for use in drive-by download attacks.

Solution Path:

You should download, test, and deploy the appropriate IE updates immediately, or let Windows Automatic Update do it for you. You can find links to the various IE updates in the “Affected and Non-Affected Software” section of Microsoft’s April IE security bulletin.

For All WatchGuard Users:

Good News! WatchGuard’s Gateway Antivirus and Intrusion Prevention services can often prevent these sorts of attacks, or the malware they try to distribute. For instance, our IPS signature team has developed signatures that can detect and block some of the memory corruption vulnerabilities described in Microsoft’s alert:

  • WEB-CLIENT Microsoft Internet Explorer Memory Corruption Vulnerability (CVE-2014-1765)
  • WEB-CLIENT Microsoft Internet Explorer Memory Corruption Vulnerability (CVE-2014-2787)
  • WEB-CLIENT Microsoft Internet Explorer Memory Corruption Vulnerability (CVE-2014-2795)
  • WEB-CLIENT Microsoft Internet Explorer Memory Corruption Vulnerability (CVE-2014-2797)
  • WEB-CLIENT Microsoft Internet Explorer Memory Corruption Vulnerability (CVE-2014-2801)
  • WEB-CLIENT Microsoft Internet Explorer Memory Corruption Vulnerability (CVE-2014-2804)

Your XTM appliance should get this new IPS signature update shortly.

Furthermore, our Reputation Enabled Defense (RED) and WebBlocker services can often prevent your users from accidentally visiting malicious (or legitimate but booby-trapped) web sites that contain these sorts of attacks. Nonetheless, we still recommend you install Microsoft’s updates to completely protect yourself from all of these flaws.

Status:

Microsoft has released patches to fix these vulnerabilities.

References:

This alert was researched and written by Corey Nachreiner, CISSP (@SecAdept).

TweetDeck XSS – WSWiR Episode 111

Patch Day, P.F. Changs Hack, and TweetDeck XSS

This week delivered a lot of infosec news and a ton of software security updates. If you didn’t have time to follow it all, check out our weekly computer security video to fill in the blanks.

During today’s episode, I cover the critical patches from Microsoft, Adobe and Mozilla, mention the latest credit card breach against a U.S. restaurant chain, and talk about the cross-site scripting worm spreading via TweetDeck. Click play below to learn more, and check out the References for other interesting infosec stories.

Before wishing you a great weekend, here are a couple of quick show notes. First, I’m starting a vacation during the middle of next week, so I won’t be publishing this weekly video for the next two weeks. It will return in July.

Second, if you are a WatchGuard customer curious about our OpenSSL updates, we are in the process of posting new versions of software for many of our products. Keep your eye on this blog, as those will likely start coming out early next week.

(Episode Runtime: 7:37)

Direct YouTube Link: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=hbGqdrxvOyA

Episode References:

Extras:

— Corey Nachreiner, CISSP (@SecAdept)

Windows Updates Fix GDI+, RDP, and TCP Vulnerabilities

Severity: High

Summary:

  • These vulnerabilities affect: All current versions of Windows (and related components like XML Core Services)
  • How an attacker exploits them: Multiple vectors of attack, including enticing you to malicious web sites, or into interacting with malicious documents or images.
  • Impact: In the worst case, an attacker can gain complete control of your Windows computer
  • What to do: Install the appropriate Microsoft patches as soon as possible, or let Windows Automatic Update do it for you

Exposure:

Today, Microsoft released four security bulletins describing five vulnerabilities in Windows and related components, such as XML Core Services. An attacker could exploit the worst of these flaws to potentially gain complete control of your Windows PC. We recommend you download, test, and deploy these critical updates as quickly as possible.

The summary below lists the vulnerabilities, in order from highest to lowest severity.

  • MS14-036: Two GDI+ Code Execution Vulnerabilities

The Graphics Device Interface (GDI+) is one of the Windows components that helps applications output graphics, to your display or printer. GDI+ suffers from two security flaws. Though they differ technically, the flaws share the same scope and impact, and have to do with how GDI+ handles specially crafted documents or images. If an attack can entice one of your users into viewing a malicious image or document, perhaps embedded in an email or web site, he can exploit either flaw to execute code on that user’s computer, with that user’s privileges. If your users have local administrative privileges, the attacker gains full control of their computer.

Microsoft rating: Critical

  • MS14-033:  MSXML Information Disclosure Vulnerability

Microsoft XML Core Services (MSXML)  is a component that helps Windows, Internet Explorer, and other Microsoft products handle XML content. It often ships with various versions of Windows, and other Microsoft products like Office, SharePoint Server, Groove Server, and Expressions. If you have a Windows computer, you very likely have MSXML.

According to today’s bulletin, MSXML suffers from an information disclosure vulnerability. If an attacker can entice one of your users to a specially crafted web site, or into opening a malicious document, she could invoke MSXML and leverage this flaw to obtain sensitive information from your user’s system. Specifically, the attacker can gain access to some local path information, and your user’s username.

Microsoft rating: Important

  • MS14-031:  TCP Protocol Denial of Service Flaw

As you would expect, the Windows TCP/IP stack is a set of networking protocols that allows your computer to get on the Internet and participate in modern networking. Unfortunately, the Windows TCP/IP stack suffers from an unspecified Denial of Server (DoS) vulnerability involving its inability to properly parse a specially crafted sequence of TCP packets. By sending a sequence of packets, an attacker could leverage this flaw to cause you computer to stop responding, causing a DoS situation. However, the attacker would have to initiate a large number of connections, and have control over the TCP options field of each packet.

Microsoft rating: Important

  • MS14-030:  RDP traffic tampering vulnerability

The Remote Desktop Protocol (RDP) is a Microsoft communication standard designed to allow you to gain access to your computers over a network to directly control your desktop. Unfortunately, the RDP component that ships with Windows doesn’t use very robust encryption by default. If an attacker can intercept your RDP traffic in a Man-in-the-Middle (MitM) attack, he could tamper with the RDP session in a way that allowed him to read session information or modify the RDP session. You can enable Network Level Authentication (NLA) to mitigate the risk of this flaw

Microsoft rating: Important

Solution Path:

Microsoft has released various updates that correct all of these vulnerabilities. You should download, test, and deploy the appropriate updates throughout your network immediately. If you choose, you can also let Windows Update automatically download and install them for you. As always, you should test your updates before deploying them.

The links below point directly to the “Affected and Non-Affected Software” section of each bulletin, where you can find links to the various updates:

For All WatchGuard Users:

Though WatchGuard’s XTM appliances offer defenses that can mitigate the risk of some of these flaws (such as blocking TCP traffic), attackers can exploit others locally. Since your gateway XTM appliance can’t protect you against local attacks, we recommend you install Microsoft’s updates to completely protect yourself from these flaws.

Status:

Microsoft has released patches correcting these issues.

References:

This alert was researched and written by Corey Nachreiner, CISSP (@SecAdept).


What did you think of this alert? Let us know at your.opinion.matters@watchguard.com.

Humongous IE Patch Fixes 59 Security Issues

Summary:

  • This vulnerability affects: All current versions of Internet Explorer
  • How an attacker exploits it: Mostly by enticing one of your users to visit a web page containing malicious content
  • Impact: Various, in the worst case an attacker can execute code on your user’s computer, potentially gaining complete control of it
  • What to do: Deploy the appropriate Internet Explorer patches immediately, or let Windows Automatic Update do it for you

Exposure:

In a security bulletin released today as part of Patch Day, Microsoft describes an update that fixes a whooping 59 new vulnerabilities that affect all current versions of Internet Explorer (IE). Microsoft rates the aggregate severity of these new flaws as Critical.

The biggest story about today’s IE update is the sheer number of vulnerabilities it corrects. I don’t think I remember a Microsoft update that fixed more flaws than this one. While all 59 of these flaws are technically different, most of them share the same general scope and impact, and involve memory corruption flaws having to do with how IE handles certain HTML objects. If an attacker can lure one of your users to a web page containing malicious web code, he could exploit many of these memory corruption vulnerabilities to execute code on that user’s computer, inheriting that user’s privileges. Typically, Windows users have local administrative privileges. In that case, the attacker could exploit these flaws to gain complete control of the victim’s computer.

The update also includes fixes some information disclosure and elevation of privileges flaws as well, but the memory corruption issues pose the most risk. Technical differences aside, this is a very important IE update that plugs many serious holes in IE. Furthermore, this update also fixes a zero day IE flaw that the Zero Day Initiative (ZDI) disclosed a few weeks ago. You should download and install the IE cumulative patch immediately.

Keep in mind, today’s attackers often hijack legitimate web pages and booby-trap them with malicious code. Typically, they do this via hosted web ads or through SQL injection and cross-site scripting (XSS) attacks. Even recognizable and authentic websites could pose a risk to your users if hijacked in this way, and the vulnerabilities described in today’s bulletin are perfect for use in drive-by download attacks.

Solution Path:

You should download, test, and deploy the appropriate IE updates immediately, or let Windows Automatic Update do it for you. You can find links to the various IE updates in the “Affected and Non-Affected Software” section of Microsoft’s April IE security bulletin.

For All WatchGuard Users:

Good News! WatchGuard’s Gateway Antivirus and Intrusion Prevention services can often prevent these sorts of attacks, or the malware they try to distribute. For instance, our IPS signature team has developed signatures that can detect and block some of the memory corruption vulnerabilities described in Microsoft’s alert:

  • WEB-CLIENT Microsoft Internet Explorer Memory Corruption Vulnerability (CVE-2014-1802)
  • WEB-CLIENT Microsoft Internet Explorer Memory Corruption Vulnerability (CVE-2014-1800)
  • WEB-CLIENT Microsoft Internet Explorer Memory Corruption Vulnerability (CVE-2014-1766)
  • WEB-CLIENT Microsoft Internet Explorer Memory Corruption Vulnerability (CVE-2014-1805)

Your XTM appliance should get this new IPS signature update shortly.

Furthermore, our Reputation Enabled Defense (RED) and WebBlocker services can often prevent your users from accidentally visiting malicious (or legitimate but booby-trapped) web sites that contain these sorts of attacks. Nonetheless, we still recommend you install Microsoft’s updates to completely protect yourself from all of these flaws.

Status:

Microsoft has released patches to fix these vulnerabilities.

References:

This alert was researched and written by Corey Nachreiner, CISSP (@SecAdept).

Microsoft Black Tuesday: Seven Security Bulletins Include a Huge IE Update

If there is one day of the month you should really focus on software patching, this is the day. The second Tuesday of the month is both Microsoft and Adobe patch day. If you run a Windows shop, or you use Adobe products on any platform, it’s time for you to get patching!

As they promised, Microsoft released seven bulletins today to fix a wide range of security vulnerabilities in a number of their products, including:

  • Windows and its components,
  • Office (Word),
  • Internet Explorer (IE),
  • and Lync Server.

Microsoft rates two of the bulletins as Critical.

The big news here is the major Internet Explorer (IE) update. Not only does it fix a zero day vulnerability I discussed a few weeks ago, but it corrects a whooping total of 59 security flaws in the popular web browser. If you have Windows computers in your network, you need to patch IE immediately. The second Critical update fixes a Windows graphics component (GDI+) flaw, which attackers can leverage simply by tricking your users into viewing maliciously crafted images.

In short, if you use any of the affected Microsoft products, you should download, test, and deploy these updates as quickly as you can or you can also let Windows’ Automatic Update do it for you. You can find more information about these bulletins and updates in Microsoft’s June Summary advisory.

Adobe’s Patch Day, on the other hand, seems a bit lighter than Microsoft’s. They only released one security update fixing six security flaws in Flash Player. That said, the update fixes some pretty serious vulnerabilities that attackers could exploit just by enticing you to the wrong web site. Be sure to update Flash as well.

I’ll share more details about today’s patches on the blog throughout the day, so stay tuned.  — Corey Nachreiner, CISSP (@SecAdept).

GOZeus Down – WSWiR Episode 110

NSA Facial Recognition, OpenSSL Patch, and Zeus Takedown

It’s that time again. If you have a hankering for the latest InfoSec news, this is the place to get it. You can watch me summarize all of the week’s biggest security stories in one short video.

Today I talk about the NSA scanning the Internet for our pictures, a big OpenSSL security update, and the latest botnet takedown that puts a damper on GOZeus and Cryptolocker. Watch the video for the scoop, and check out the Extras below for other news.

Hope you have a great weekend, and stay safe out there.

(Episode Runtime: 8:33)

Direct YouTube Link: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=gp46hzT6G1E

Episode References:

Extras:

— Corey Nachreiner, CISSP (@SecAdept)

iPhone Ransom Message – WSWiR Episode 109

Iranian Social Hackers, XP Patch Hack, and iPhone Ransom Notes

Did you have time to follow security mailings lists, check out infosec news sites, or find that latest patches this week? If not, don’t worry. This weekly video blog will cover the top three computer security news items each Friday for you. Subscribe to this blog or the YouTube channel to stay informed.

This episode covers an Iranian hacking campaign where attackers pose journalists on social media sites, shares a tip about a Windows XP registry hack that could give you security updates until 2019, and highlights a recent iCloud attack that attackers are using to hold iPhones for ransom. Click play for the details, and check out the reference section for other stories.

(Episode Runtime: 7:38)

Direct YouTube Link: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=sa-2RLe_sr4

Episode References:

Extras:

— Corey Nachreiner, CISSP (@SecAdept)

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