Tag Archives: patch day

Patches, Patches Everywhere – Daily Security Byte EP.66

I thought I’d only have to cover Microsoft Patch Day today, but Adobe, Oracle, and Google also came along for the ride. Patching is one of the easiest and most practical ways you can improve your network’s security. Watch today’s video to learn of all the products you should update.

 

(Episode Runtime: 2:18)

Direct YouTube Link: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=8mWnk6OKDl0

EPISODE REFERENCES:

— Corey Nachreiner, CISSP (@SecAdept)

Microsoft Rains April Patch Showers

While not quite as bad as last month’s 14 security bulletins, April’s Patch Day is bursting with updates. According to their summary, Microsoft released 11 security bulletins, some fixing serious issues. Windows administrators should put their heads down, dive in, and get patching.

By the Numbers:

February Microsoft Patch DayToday, Microsoft released 11 security bulletins, fixing a total of 26 security vulnerabilities in many of their products. The affected products include:

  • all current versions of Windows,
  • Internet Explorer (IE),
  • Office,
  • SharePoint Server,
  • the .NET Framework,
  • XML Core Services,
  • and Hyper-V.

They rate four bulletins as Critical and the rest as Important.

Patch Day Highlights:

In my opinion, the HTTP.sys vulnerability is the biggest deal this month. While it doesn’t say so directly, this flaw affects all Microsoft’s IIS web servers. Simply by sending a specially crafted web request, an attacker can take over your web server. I would patch all your public Windows-based IIS servers immediately. WatchGuard’s IPS service has a signature for this attack, which should help mitigate its risk until then.

Besides that, you should also apply all of Microsoft’s Critical updates as quickly as you can. The Internet Explorer vulnerabilities also pose a high risk since attackers can use in drive-by download attacks, which are quite popular today.

Quick Bulletin Summary:

We summarize the April security bulletins below in order of severity. We recommend you apply the updates in the same order of priority, assuming you use the affected products.

  • MS15-032 – Critical – IE Memory Corruptions Flaws – You can pretty much count on Microsoft releasing a cumulative Internet Explorer (IE) update that fixes a bunch of memory corruption flaws every month, and this month is no different. These are the types of flaws remote attackers use to execute code, and that are typically used in drive-by download attacks. If an attacker can get you to visit a site with malicious code, he could exploit these flaws to run code on your machine. If you have local administrator privileges, the attacker gains full control of your PC. As an aside, the update also fixes an Address Space Layout Randomization (ASLR) bypass flaw that makes it easier for bad guys to exploit memory corruption issues.
  • MS15-033 – Critical- Multiple Office Flaws – Office, and the components that ship with it (such as Word, Excel, etc.), suffer from five vulnerabilities. The worst are four memory-related code execution flaws that black hats can exploit by luring you into opening malicious office documents. If you open such a document, the attacker can execute code on your computer, with your privileges. Finally, the Mac version of Outlook also suffers from a cross-site scripting (XSS) vulnerability as well.
  • MS15-034 – Critical – Windows HTTP Stack Code Execution – HTTP.sys is Windows’ HTTP stack; the component it uses to process HTTP protocol requests. It suffers from an unspecified remote code execution vulnerability. By sending a specially crafted HTTP request, an attacker could exploit this flaw to gain complete control of your computer (code executes with SYSTEM privileges). However, you must be running some web service that uses HTTP.sys (such as IIS) to be vulnerable to the flaw. This is a serious flaw that affects IIS servers.
  • MS15-035 – Critical – EMF Image Code Execution Flaw – The graphics component Windows uses to handle images suffers from a flaw involving the way it parses Enhanced MetaFile (EMF) images. In short, if a bad guy can get you to view such an image—whether on a web site, in an email, and so forth—he can exploit this flaw to run code on your computer with your privileges.
  • MS15-036 – Critical – SharePoint Server XSS flaws – SharePoint suffers from two cross-site scripting vulnerabilities (XSS) that could allow an attacker to elevate his privileges. By enticing one of your users to click a specially crafted link, an attacker could exploit this flaw to gain that user’s privilege on your SharePoint server. This means the attacker could view or change all the documents which that user could.
  • MS15-037 – Important – Task Scheduler EoP Vulnerability – The Windows Task Scheduler suffers from an elevation of privilege flaw. If an attacker can log onto your Windows system with valid credentials (even underprivileged ones), she can run a program that exploits this flaw to gain complete control of the computer.
  • MS15-038 – Important – Two Windows EoP Vulnerabilities – Two other Windows components suffer from flaws like the Task Scheduler one above. Though they differ technically, an attack exploiting them has the same scope and impact. If an attacker can login and run a program, they can gain full SYSTEM privileges in Windows.
  • MS15-040 – Important – AD FS Information Disclosure – Active Directory Federation Services (AD FS) doesn’t fully log off users. If a new users logs on, she might have access to application info from the previous user (similar to a flaw last year)
  • MS15-041 – Important – .NET Framework Information Disclosure Flaw – The .NET Framework suffers from a flaw that could unintentionally allow attackers to view some of your web applications configuration information. However, you’re only exposed if you configure detailed error messages on your web application (which you shouldn’t do on publicly exposed web applications).
  • MS15-042 – Important – Hyper-V DDoS Flaw – Hyper-V, Microsoft’s virtualization component, suffers from a denial of service (DoS) vulnerability. If an attacker can log into one of your virtual machines (VM) using legitimate credentials, he can run a malicious program that will cause all the VMs on the server to stop responding. Of course the attacker needs valid credentials, and access to the VM, in order to launch the attack.

Solution Path:

If you use any of the software mentioned above, you should apply the corresponding updates as soon as you can. I recommend you apply the Critical updates immediately, try to get to the Important ones as a soon as possible, and leave the moderate ones for last.

You can get the updates three ways:

  1. Let Windows Automatic Update do it for you – While patches sometimes introduce new problems, these occasional issues don’t seem to affect clients as often as they do servers. To keep your network secure, I recommend you set Windows clients to update automatically so they get patches as soon as possible.
  2. Manually download and install patches – That said, most businesses strongly rely on production servers and server software. For that reason, I recommend you always test new server updates before applying them manually to production servers. Virtualization can help you build a test environment that mimics your production one for testing.  You can find links to download the various updates in the individual bulletins I’ve linked above.
  3. Download February’s full Security Update ISO –  Finally, Microsoft eventually posts an ISO image that consolidates all the security updates. This ISO conveniently packages the updates in one place for administrators. You’ll eventually find a link to the monthly security ISOs here, but Microsoft may not post it until a few days after Patch Day

For WatchGuard Customers:

Good News! WatchGuard’s Gateway Antivirus (GAV), Intrusion Prevention (IPS), and APT Blocker services can often prevent these sorts of attacks, or the malware they try to distribute. For instance, our IPS signature team has developed signatures that can detect and block many of the attacks described in Microsoft’s alerts:

  • WEB Microsoft IIS HTTP.sys Remote Code Execution Vulnerability (CVE-2015-1635)
  • FILE Microsoft Windows Graphics EMF Processing Remote Code Execution Vulnerability (CVE-2015-1645)
  • WEB-CLIENT Microsoft Internet Explorer Memory Corruption Vulnerability (CVE-2015-1652)
  • WEB-CLIENT Microsoft Internet Explorer Memory Corruption Vulnerability (CVE-2015-1668)
  • WEB-CLIENT Microsoft Internet Explorer Memory Corruption Vulnerability (CVE-2015-1667)
  • WEB-CLIENT Microsoft Internet Explorer Memory Corruption Vulnerability (CVE-2015-1666)
  • WEB-CLIENT Microsoft Internet Explorer Memory Corruption Vulnerability (CVE-2015-1665)
  • WEB-CLIENT Microsoft Internet Explorer Memory Corruption Vulnerability (CVE-2015-1662)
  • WEB-CLIENT Microsoft Internet Explorer Memory Corruption Vulnerability (CVE-2015-1661)
  • WEB-CLIENT Microsoft Internet Explorer Memory Corruption Vulnerability (CVE-2015-1660)
  • WEB-CLIENT Microsoft Internet Explorer Memory Corruption Vulnerability (CVE-2015-1659)
  • WEB-CLIENT Microsoft Internet Explorer Memory Corruption Vulnerability (CVE-2015-1657)
  • FILE Microsoft Office Memory Corruption Vulnerability (CVE-2015-1641)
  • FILE Microsoft Office Memory Corruption Vulnerability (CVE-2015-1650)
  • WEB Microsoft ASP.NET Information Disclosure Vulnerability (CVE-2015-1648)

Your Firebox or XTM appliance should get this new IPS signature update shortly.

Furthermore, our Reputation Enabled Defense (RED) and WebBlocker services can often prevent your users from accidentally visiting malicious (or legitimate but booby-trapped) web sites that contain these sorts of attacks. Nevertheless, we still recommend you install Microsoft’s updates to completely protect yourself from all of these flaws.

As an aside, Microsoft also released two new security advisories today, if you are interested in how Microsoft is improving their Public Key cryptography, or in learning about an SSL 3.0 issue, be sure to check their advisory page for those new updates. — Corey Nachreiner, CISSP (@SecAdept)

 

Patches and Pwns – WSWiR Episode 143

What do DRAM, Jamie Oliver, Half Life 2, Apple, and Microsoft all have in common? They were all affected by information security issues this week. The amount of information security news coming out each day is off the charts. If you need help keeping up, check out this weekly video summary.

Today’s show covers Apple and Microsoft security updates, a new science fiction-like DRAM hack, some gamer focused ransomware, and much more. Learn about it in the video, or peruse the References section for details if you prefer.

(Episode Runtime: 10:55)

Direct YouTube Link: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=SG5xRcNMZbc

EPISODE REFERENCES:

EXTRAS:

 

— Corey Nachreiner, CISSP (@SecAdept)

Microsoft’s March Patch Day Madness

Pull up your bootstraps Microsoft administrators, because you’re in for a long patch slog this month. According to their March Patch Day summary,  Microsoft released 14 security bulletins, many fixing critical issues. I highlight the details below, so get ready to get patching.

By the Numbers:

February Microsoft Patch DayToday, Microsoft released 14 security bulletins, fixing a total of 45 security vulnerabilities in many of their products. The affected products include:

  • all current versions of Windows,
  • Internet Explorer (IE),
  • Office,
  • Exchange server,
  • and VBScript.

They rate five bulletins as Critical and the rest as Important.

Patch Day Highlights:

There are many vulnerabilities worth fixing this month, but two major highlights.

  1. Remember FREAK? It’s that SSL implementation vulnerability that I’ve been talking about in blog posts and multiple videos. Well, it affects Windows too and they fixed it this month. If you’ve been concerned about black hats sniffing your SSL, be sure to get the FREAK update (MS15-031).
  2. Also, remember Stuxnet? I’m sure you do, since it was one of the most sophisticated attacks the industry has ever seen. When it was discovered, it used four different zero day vulnerabilities to help itself spread, including a .LNK file vulnerability that helped it infect others via USB storage devices. Microsoft tried to patch this flaw years ago, but apparently failed. The MS15-020 update completes the botched job, so be sure to get that update. If you want to learn more about the update’s relation to Stuxnet, check out this HP blog post.

While these those two updates are probably the most interesting, this month’s bulletins include many more critical patches. For instance, March’s Internet Explorer (IE) update fixes 12 security flaws that bad guys can leverage in drive-by download attacks. Also, Exchange administrators will probably want to apply its update quickly, even though Microsoft only reports it as Important. If attackers can get your email users to click a link, they can exploit various Exchange flaws to gain access to your users’ OWA accounts. In short, we recommend you apply Microsofts updates quickly, in the order we share them below.

Quick Bulletin Summary:

We summarize the March security bulletins below in order of severity. We recommend you apply the updates in the same order of priority, assuming you use the affected products.

  • MS15-018 – Critical – IE Memory Corruptions Flaws – The Internet Explorer (IE) update mostly fixes a bunch of memory corruption flaws remote attackers could leverage to execute code. These are the types of flaws typically used in drive-by download attacks. If an attacker can get you to visit a site with malicious code, he could exploit these flaws to run code on your machine. If you have local administrator privileges, the attacker gains full control of your PC. Web-based drive-by downloads are pretty popular with attackers right now, so we recommend you apply this update quickly.
  • MS15-019 – Critical- VBScript RCE Flaw – VBScript is a Microsoft specific scripting language that ships with Windows and IE. It suffers from a memory corruption flaw that attackers could leverage to execute code with your privileges. This is actually one of the vulnerabilities corrected by the IE update mentioned above, but Microsoft has to fix it in VBScript as well since it ships independently. Similar to the IE flaws, attackers would likely leverage this vulnerability in drive-by download attacks.
  • MS15-020 – Critical – Two Windows Code Execution Flaws – Remember Stuxnet? This update fixes one of its zero day vulnerabilities… again! Windows suffers from two code execution flaws involving its Windows Text Services (WTS) and the way it loads DLLs. The WTS flaw poses the most obvious risk. If an attacker can trick one of your users into visiting a malicious web site, or opening a specially crafted file, she can exploit the WTS issue to execute code on that user’s computer, with the user’s privileges. If the user was a local admin, the attacker gains full control of your user’s PC. However, the “DLL Planting” vulnerability is pretty bad too, since it’s actually one that the infamous Stuxnet malware exploited years ago. While Microsoft’s alert doesn’t describe it this way, the DLL loading fix is related to the shortcut .LNK vulnerability that was supposedly fixed in 2010. You can read more about it on this blog.
  • MS15-021 – Critical – Multiple Adobe Font Driver Vulnerabilities – Windows ships with an Adobe font driver to handle—as its name suggests—Adobe fonts. This driver suffers from many flaws, including a denial of service (DoS) issue, an information leak flaw, and a number of memory corruption vulnerabilities. Attackers could exploit the memory corruption flaws to execute code on your computer, assuming they can trick you into visiting a booby-trapped web site, or opening a file with maliciously crafted fonts.
  • MS15-022 – Critical – Multiple Office Component Vulnerabilities – Office, and the components that ship with it (such as Word, Excel, and Sharepoint server), suffer from a range of five vulnerabilities. The worst are three code execution flaws that black hats can exploit by luring you into opening malicious office documents. However, Sharepoint also suffers from a few cross-site scripting (XSS) vulnerabilities as well.
  • MS15-026 – Important – Five Exchange Server Vulnerabilities – Exchange, Microsoft’s popular email server, suffers from five vulnerabilities. The four worst flaws are all cross-site scripting (XSS) vulnerabilities in various parts of Outlook Web Access (OWA). While they differ technically, they all have the same affect. If an attacker can lure you into clicking a specially crafted link, or into visiting a web site containing a malicious link, he can exploit any of these four flaws to gain control of your OWA account, and do anything you could (for instance, send and read your email). Since OWA is pretty popular among Exchange administrators, and often exposed publicly, I consider this update a fairly high priority.
  • MS15-023 – Important – Four Kernel-Mode Driver Flaws– The Windows Kernel-Mode Driver suffers from four security vulnerabilities; the most serious being a local elevation of privilege (EoP) flaw. If an attacker can log into your system, and run a specially crafted program, he can leverage this particular EoP flaw to gain complete control of that Windows computer. The remaining three issues are memory disclosure vulnerabilities attackers could use to gain more information about your system than you would like.
  • MS15-024 – Important – PNG Information Disclosure Flaw – Windows doesn’t handle PNG images correctly. If an attacker can get you to open a malicious PNG image, he can leverage this flaw to learn more about your system, which could aid him in further attacks.
  • MS15-025 – Important – Windows Kernel EoP Flaws – The Windows kernel suffers from two vulnerabilities that local attackers can exploit to elevate their privileges. Though the flaws differ technically, they share the same impact. By running a specially crafted program, a local attacker (with valid credentials) can gain full control of a Windows system. However, they can’t exploit these flaws unless they can already log onto your systems.
  • MS15-027 – Important – NETLOGON Spoofing Vulnerability – The Windows NETLOGON component suffers from a flaw that allows local attackers to spoof another legitimate user on your Windows network. However, to exploit this flaw an attacker must already be able to log in to your network using valid domain credentials, which significantly lessens its impact.
  • MS15-028 – Important – Task Scheduler Security Bypass Flaw – The Windows Task Scheduler—a component that allows users to run programs at specified times—suffers from a flaw involving its inability to properly enforce user privileges. In short, an unprivileged user can leverage this issue to run programs they’re not supposed to have access to. That said, they need credentials on your system to exploit this flaw.
  • MS15-029 – Important – JPEG XR Information Disclosure Flaw – The component used to display certain JPG images suffers from memory handling flaw that unintentionally leaks information about your system. If you view a malicious image, the attacker may (or may not) gain access to some information that could aid him further in an attack.
  • MS15-030 – Important – RDP DoS Vulnerability– The Windows Remote Desktop Protocol (RDP) suffers from a denial of service (DoS) vulnerability. In short, by sending specially crafted packets and unauthenticated attacker can take out your RDP server, and prevent legitimate users from connecting. If you allow access to RDP, you’ll want to fix this flaw.
  • MS15-031 – Important – Schannel FREAK Vulnerability– You know that SSL FREAK vulnerability we’ve written about and done multiple videos about over the past week? This Schannel update fixes it for Windows. If you concerned with SSL man-in-the-middle (MitM) attackers, you should apply this patch.

Solution Path:

If you use any of the software mentioned above, you should apply the corresponding updates as soon as you can. I recommend you apply the Critical updates immediately, try to get to the Important ones as a soon as possible, and leave the moderate ones for last.

You can get the updates three ways:

  1. Let Windows Automatic Update do it for you – While patches sometimes introduce new problems, these occasional issues don’t seem to affect clients as often as they do servers. To keep your network secure, I recommend you set Windows clients to update automatically so they get patches as soon as possible.
  2. Manually download and install patches – That said, most businesses strongly rely on production servers and server software. For that reason, I recommend you always test new server updates before applying them manually to production servers. Virtualization can help you build a test environment that mimics your production one for testing.  You can find links to download the various updates in the individual bulletins I’ve linked above.
  3. Download February’s full Security Update ISO –  Finally, Microsoft eventually posts an ISO image that consolidates all the security updates. This ISO conveniently packages the updates in one place for administrators. You’ll eventually find a link to the monthly security ISOs here, but Microsoft may not post it until a few days after Patch Day

For WatchGuard Customers:

Good News! WatchGuard’s Gateway Antivirus (GAV), Intrusion Prevention (IPS), and APT Blocker services can often prevent these sorts of attacks, or the malware they try to distribute. For instance, our IPS signature team has developed signatures that can detect and block many of the attacks described in Microsoft’s alerts:

  • WEB-CLIENT Microsoft Internet Explorer Memory Corruption Vulnerability (CVE-2015-1634)
  • WEB Cross-site Scripting -11
  • WEB Cross-Site Scripting -7
  • WEB-CLIENT Microsoft Internet Explorer Memory Corruption Vulnerability (CVE-2015-1626)
  • WEB-CLIENT Microsoft Internet Explorer Memory Corruption Vulnerability (CVE-2015-1625)
  • WEB-CLIENT Microsoft Internet Explorer Memory Corruption Vulnerability (CVE-2015-1624)
  • WEB-CLIENT Microsoft Internet Explorer Memory Corruption Vulnerability (CVE-2015-1623)
  • WEB-CLIENT Microsoft Internet Explorer Memory Corruption Vulnerability (CVE-2015-1622)
  • WEB-CLIENT Microsoft Internet Explorer Memory Corruption Vulnerability (CVE-2015-0100)
  • WEB-CLIENT Microsoft Internet Explorer Memory Corruption Vulnerability (CVE-2015-0099)
  • FILE Vulnerabilities in Adobe Font Driver Could Allow Remote Code Execution
  • SMB NETLOGON Spoofing Vulnerability (CVE-2015-0005)
  • WEB-CLIENT Microsoft Internet Explorer VBScript Memory Corruption Vulnerability (CVE-2015-0032)
  • WEB-CLIENT Microsoft Internet Explorer Memory Corruption Vulnerability (CVE-2015-0056)
  • WEB-CLIENT Microsoft Internet Explorer Elevation of Privilege Vulnerability (CVE-2015-0072)
  • WEB-CLIENT Microsoft Internet Explorer JPEG XR Parser Information Disclosure Vulnerability (CVE-2015-0076)
  • WEB-CLIENT Microsoft Internet Explorer Malformed PNG Parsing Information Disclosure Vulnerability (CVE-2015-0080)
  • WEB-CLIENT Microsoft Internet Explorer WTS Remote Code Execution Vulnerability (CVE-2015-0081)
  • FILE Microsoft Office Component Use After Free Vulnerability (CVE-2015-0085)
  •  FILE Microsoft Office Memory Corruption Vulnerability (CVE-2015-0086)
  • FILE Microsoft Word Local Zone Remote Code Execution Vulnerability (CVE-2015-0097)
  • FILE Microsoft DLL Planting Remote Code Exectution Vulnerability (CVE-2015-0096)

Your Firebox or XTM appliance should get this new IPS signature update shortly.

Furthermore, our Reputation Enabled Defense (RED) and WebBlocker services can often prevent your users from accidentally visiting malicious (or legitimate but booby-trapped) web sites that contain these sorts of attacks. Nevertheless, we still recommend you install Microsoft’s updates to completely protect yourself from all of these flaws. — Corey Nachreiner, CISSP (@SecAdept)

 

Tax Time Security Woes – WSWiR Episode 139

There’s tons of security news each week. If you can’t keep up, I try to summarize the most important stuff for you in my weekly video.

This week’s show covers a researcher leaking 10M credentials, Forbes’ website getting hacked, a TurboTax security scare, and much more. Watch the video for all the details, or check out the Reference section for other interesting stories.

(Episode Runtime: 9:50)

Direct YouTube Link: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=mTycl-zSbVA

EPISODE REFERENCES:

EXTRAS:

— Corey Nachreiner, CISSP (@SecAdept)

Microsoft Delivers Nine Security Bulletins for February

As the second Tuesday of the month, it’s time for Microsoft administrators to get patchin’. You can find this month’s Patch Day details at Microsoft’s February Patch Day Summary page, but I’ll summarize some of the highlights below.

By the Numbers:

February Microsoft Patch DayToday, Microsoft released nine security bulletins, fixing a total of 60 security vulnerabilities in many of their products. The affected products include:

  • all current versions of Windows,
  • Internet Explorer (IE),
  • Office,
  • and Microsoft System Center Virtual Machine Manager (VMM).

They rate three bulletins as Critical, six as Important.

Patch Day Highlights:

The most interesting vulnerability this month is probably Microsoft’s Group Policy remote code execution flaw. This is a rather complex flaw that requires an attacker successfully pull off a man-in-the-middle (MitM) attack on a computer that is configured to connect to an Active Directory domain. Once the attacker can intercept your traffic, he can trick it into running a malicious login script, which allows him to run anything he wants. Since the flaw relies on a domain login, it primarily affects corporate Windows users. Check out this article to learn more.

Internet Explorer (IE) also got a rather beefy patch, which fixes 41 security flaws. The update mostly fixes memory corruption vulnerabilities that bad guys can leverage in drive-by download attacks. However, this update also includes updates to IE’s SSLv3 handling to mitigate the POODLE flaw. Finally, this update does NOT fix the recent IE11 cross-site scripting (XSS) flaw that Google disclosed. That said, I’d recommend you install the IE update first, as web drive-by download attacks are much more popular and targeted than the Group Policy attack mentioned above.

Quick Bulletin Summary:

We summarize February’s security bulletins below in order of severity. We recommend you apply the updates in the same order of priority, assuming you use the affected products.

  • MS15-009 – Critical – Cumulative Internet Explorer update fixes 41 vulnerabilities – The Internet Explorer (IE) update primarily fixes a bunch of memory corruption flaws remote attackers could leverage to execute code. These are the types of flaws typically used in drive-by download attacks. If an attacker can get you to visit a site with malicious code, he could exploit these flaws to run code on your machine. If you have local administrator privileges, the attacker gains full control of your PC.
  • MS15-010 – Critical- Kernel-mode Driver RCE flaw – The kernel-mode driver that ships with Windows suffers from various elevation of privilege flaws that could allow unprivileged users to execute code with full privileges. However, the attacker needs local system access and credentials to carry out the attack.
  • MS15-011 – Critical – Group Policy Remote Code Execution Flaw – The Windows Active Directory Group Policy Component suffers from complex code execution vulnerability. If an attacker can successfully intercept all the traffic of a Windows computer that connects to a domain, she can exploit this flaw to run arbitrary code on that computer. However, the attacker would most likely have to be on the same network as the victim in order for such a man-in-the-middle attack to succeed.
  • MS15-012 – Important – Office Code Execution Flaws – Various Office components, like Word and Excel, suffer from document handling code execution flaws. If an attacker can get you to open a maliciously crafted document, he could exploit these to gain control of your computer.
  • MS15-013 – Important – Office Security Bypass Flaw – Office doesn’t properly leverage Windows’ Address Space Layout Randomization (ASLR) feature. Since ASLR makes it harder for bad guys to exploit memory corruption issues, this bypass flaw makes it easier for attackers.
  • MS15-014 – Important – Group Policy Security Bypass Flaw – Using a man-in-the-middle attack, an attacker can trick Group Policy into reverting to its less secure, default state. This attack only works against Windows machines that connect to a domain. This flaw can be used in conjunction with MS15-011 to execute code.
  • MS15-015 – Important – Windows Elevation of Privilege Flaw – In short, if a unprivileged user can run code on a Windows machine, he can leverage this flaw to gain system privileges. However, he needs valid credentials and enough access to log in to the computer in the first place.
  • MS15-016 – Important – Windows Graphic Component Information Disclosure Flaw – The Graphics component of Windows suffers from a minor flaw that attackers could leverage to learn about the current memory state of your computer. This flaw serves little purpose alone, but could help attackers exploit other memory corruption vulnerabilities easier. Also, the attacker would have to entice you into viewing a TIFF image in order to exploit this flaw.
  • MS15-017 – Important – VMM Elevation of Privilege Flaw – If an attacker has credentials to login to your Microsoft Virtual Machine Manager (VMM), even as an under-privileged role, that attacker could leverage this flaw to gain full access to VMM and all your virtual machines.

Solution Path:

If you use any of the software mentioned above, you should apply the corresponding updates as soon as you can. I recommend you apply the Critical updates immediately, try to get to the Important ones as a soon as possible, and leave the moderate ones for last.

IMPORTANT NOTE: We have already read rumors about problems with some of today’s Microsoft updates. We highly recommend you test the patches before applying them to production servers.

You can get the updates three ways:

  1. Let Windows Automatic Update do it for you – While patches sometimes introduce new problems, these occasional issues don’t seem to affect clients as often as they do servers. To keep your network secure, I recommend you set Windows clients to update automatically so they get patches as soon as possible.
  2. Manually download and install patches – That said, most businesses strongly rely on production servers and server software. For that reason, I recommend you always test new server updates before applying them manually to production servers. Virtualization can help you build a test environment that mimics your production one for testing.  You can find links to download the various updates in the individual bulletins I’ve linked above.
  3. Download February’s full Security Update ISO –  Finally, Microsoft eventually posts an ISO image that consolidates all the security updates. This ISO conveniently packages the updates in one place for administrators. You’ll eventually find a link to the monthly security ISOs here, but Microsoft may not post it until a few days after Patch Day

For WatchGuard Customers:

Good News! WatchGuard’s Gateway Antivirus (GAV), Intrusion Prevention (IPS), and APT Blocker services can often prevent these sorts of attacks, or the malware they try to distribute. For instance, our IPS signature team has developed signatures that can detect and block many of the attacks described in Microsoft’s alerts:

  • WEB-CLIENT Microsoft Internet Explorer Memory Corruption Vulnerability (CVE-2014-8967)
  • WEB-CLIENT Microsoft Internet Explorer Memory Corruption Vulnerability (CVE-2015-0017)
  • WEB-CLIENT Microsoft Internet Explorer Memory Corruption Vulnerability (CVE-2015-0018)
  • WEB-CLIENT Microsoft Internet Explorer Memory Corruption Vulnerability (CVE-2015-0019)
  • WEB-CLIENT Microsoft Internet Explorer Memory Corruption Vulnerability (CVE-2015-0020)
  • WEB-CLIENT Microsoft Internet Explorer Memory Corruption Vulnerability (CVE-2015-0021)
  • WEB-CLIENT Microsoft Internet Explorer Memory Corruption Vulnerability (CVE-2015-0022)
  • WEB-CLIENT Microsoft Internet Explorer Memory Corruption Vulnerability (CVE-2015-0023)
  • WEB-CLIENT Microsoft Internet Explorer Memory Corruption Vulnerability (CVE-2015-0025)
  •  WEB-CLIENT Microsoft Internet Explorer Memory Corruption Vulnerability (CVE-2015-0026)
  • WEB-CLIENT Microsoft Internet Explorer Memory Corruption Vulnerability (CVE-2015-0029)
  • WEB-CLIENT Microsoft Internet Explorer Memory Corruption Vulnerability (CVE-2015-0030)
  • WEB-CLIENT Microsoft Internet Explorer Memory Corruption Vulnerability (CVE-2015-0031)
  • WEB-CLIENT Microsoft Internet Explorer Memory Corruption Vulnerability (CVE-2015-0035)
  • WEB-CLIENT Microsoft Internet Explorer Memory Corruption Vulnerability (CVE-2015-0036)
  • WEB-CLIENT Microsoft Internet Explorer Memory Corruption Vulnerability (CVE-2015-0037)
  • WEB-CLIENT Microsoft Internet Explorer Memory Corruption Vulnerability (CVE-2015-0038)
  • WEB-CLIENT Microsoft Internet Explorer Memory Corruption Vulnerability (CVE-2015-0039)
  • WEB-CLIENT Microsoft Internet Explorer Memory Corruption Vulnerability (CVE-2015-0040)
  • WEB-CLIENT Microsoft Internet Explorer Memory Corruption Vulnerability (CVE-2015-0041)
  • WEB-CLIENT Microsoft Internet Explorer Memory Corruption Vulnerability (CVE-2015-0042)
  • WEB-CLIENT Microsoft Internet Explorer Memory Corruption Vulnerability (CVE-2015-0043)
  • WEB-CLIENT Microsoft Internet Explorer Memory Corruption Vulnerability (CVE-2015-0071)
  • WEB-CLIENT Microsoft Internet Explorer Memory Corruption Vulnerability (CVE-2015-0070)
  • WEB-CLIENT Microsoft Internet Explorer Information Disclosure Vulnerability (CVE-2015-0069)
  • WEB-CLIENT Microsoft Internet Explorer Memory Corruption Vulnerability (CVE-2015-0068)
  • WEB-CLIENT Microsoft Internet Explorer Memory Corruption Vulnerability (CVE-2015-0067)
  • FILE Microsoft Office Word OneTableDocumentStream Remote Code Execution Vulnerability (CVE-2015-0065)
  • FILE Microsoft Office Word Remote Code Execution Vulnerability (CVE-2015-0064)
  • FILE Microsoft Office Excel Remote Code Execution Vulnerability (CVE-2015-0063)
  • FILE Microsoft Office TTF TrueType Font Parsing Remote Code Execution Vulnerability (CVE-2015-0059)
  • WEB-CLIENT Microsoft Internet Explorer Memory Corruption Vulnerability (CVE-2015-0053)
  • WEB-CLIENT Microsoft Internet Explorer Memory Corruption Vulnerability (CVE-2015-0052)
  • WEB-CLIENT Microsoft Internet Explorer Memory Corruption Vulnerability (CVE-2015-0051)
  • WEB-CLIENT Microsoft Internet Explorer Memory Corruption Vulnerability (CVE-2015-0050)
  • WEB-CLIENT Microsoft Internet Explorer Memory Corruption Vulnerability (CVE-2015-0049)
  • WEB-CLIENT Microsoft Internet Explorer Memory Corruption Vulnerability (CVE-2015-0048)
  • WEB-CLIENT Microsoft Internet Explorer Memory Corruption Vulnerability (CVE-2015-0046)
  • WEB-CLIENT Microsoft Internet Explorer Memory Corruption Vulnerability (CVE-2015-0045)
  • WEB-CLIENT Microsoft Internet Explorer Memory Corruption Vulnerability (CVE-2015-0044)
  • FILE Adobe Flash Player BitmapFilter Invalid Object Corruption Remote Code Execution (CVE-2015-0314)
  • FILE Adobe Flash Player Video Event Dispatch Use After Free (CVE-2015-0315)
  • FILE Adobe Flash Player OP_ANYBYTE PCRE Library Memory Corruption (CVE-2015-0316)
  • FILE Adobe Flash Player XMLSocket.connect Type Confusion (CVE-2015-0317)
  • FILE Adobe Flash Player PCRE Regex Compilation Memory Corruption (CVE-2015-0318)
  • FILE Adobe Flash Player Multiple Type Confusion (CVE-2015-0319
  • FILE Adobe Flash Player MessageChannel.send() Use After Free (CVE-2015-0320)
  • FILE Adobe Flash Player Parsing Malformed mp4 Video Memory Corruption (CVE-2015-0321)
  • FILE Adobe Flash Player ActionScript Pushscope Opcode Memory Corruption (CVE-2015-0322)
  • FILE Adobe Flash Player Special Regex Character Sets Heap Overflow (CVE-2015-0323)
  • FILE Adobe Flash Player JSON.stringify Integer Heap Overflow (CVE-2015-0324)
  • FILE Adobe Flash Player RemoveFromDeviceGroup() Use After Free (CVE-2015-0325)
  • FILE Adobe Flash Player ActionScript URLRequest.requestHeaders Type Confusion (CVE-2015-0326)
  • FILE Adobe Flash Player Stringifying Proxy Objects Heap Overflow (CVE-2015-0327)
  • FILE Adobe Flash Player NetConnection Request Null Dereference (CVE-2015-0328)
  • FILE Adobe Flash Player Multibyte UTF-8 Characters Regular Expressions Memory Corruption (CVE-2015-0329)
  • FILE Adobe Flash Player PCRE Regex Heap Overflow (CVE-2015-0330)

Your Firebox or XTM appliance should get this new IPS signature update shortly.

Furthermore, our Reputation Enabled Defense (RED) and WebBlocker services can often prevent your users from accidentally visiting malicious (or legitimate but booby-trapped) web sites that contain these sorts of attacks. Nevertheless, we still recommend you install Microsoft’s updates to completely protect yourself from all of these flaws. — Corey Nachreiner, CISSP (@SecAdept)

 

Microsoft’s Last Patch Day Until 2015; Three Critical Patches

It’s that time of the month again; Microsoft Patch Day. Yesterday, Microsoft posted their regular batch of security updates, so it’s time you patch your Windows systems. I’ll summarize some Patch Day highlights below, but you should visit Microsoft’s December Patch Day Summary page for more details

By the Numbers:

On Tuesday, Microsoft released seven security bulletins, fixing a total of 25 security vulnerabilities in many of their products. The affected products include:

  • all current versions of Windows,
  • Internet Explorer (IE),
  • Office,
  • and Exchange Server.

They rate three bulletins as Critical, four as Important.

Patch Day Highlights:

The Exchange update is the most interesting one, but lets start with what you should patch first. I’d start with the Internet Explorer (IE) update, as it closes a bunch of holes bad guys can use for drive-by download attacks. Next, even though Microsoft doesn’t rate it as Critical, the Exchange update fixes a few flaws attackers could leverage to access your users’ email (if they can get those users to click links). Since email is so important, I’d take care of that next. Then move on to the various Office updates, to make sure your users aren’t affected by malicious Office documents. Finally, even though it poses minimal risk, finish with the Graphics component update.

Quick Bulletin Summary:

We summarize December’s security bulletins below in order of severity. We recommend you apply the updates in the same order of priority, assuming you use the affected products.

  • MS14-080 – Critical – Cumulative Internet Explorer update fixes 14 vulnerabilities – The Internet Explorer (IE) update primarily fixes a bunch of memory corruption flaws remote attackers could leverage to execute code. These are the types of flaws typically used in drive-by download attacks. If an attacker can get you to visit a site with malicious code, he could exploit these flaws to run code on your machine. If you have local administrator privileges, the attacker gains full control of your PC.
  • MS14-075 – Important– Four Exchange Server Vulnerabilities – Microsoft’s email server, Exchange, suffers from four security flaws. The worst are a pair of cross-site scripting (XSS) flaws. If an attacker can trick you into clicking a specially crafted link on a system you use for OWA, he could exploit these flaws to gain access to your email as you. The remaining flaws allow attackers to spoof emails to appear to come from someone else, or to spoof links that appear to link to somewhere else.
  • MS14-081 – Critical – Two Word Remote Code Execution Flaws – Word suffers from two flaws involving how it handles specially crafted Office files. In short, if an attacker can get you to open a malicious Office file, she can exploit these flaws to execute code on your computer.
  • MS14-082 – Important – Office Code Execution Flaw – Word, an Office component, suffers from yet another code execution vulnerability, similar to the two described above. I’m not sure why Microsoft included this is a separate bulletin, with a lower severity, since it seems to have a similar impact and mitigating factors as the flaws above.
  • MS14-083 – Important – Two Excel Code Execution Flaws – Excel suffers from a pair of code execution vulnerabilities attackers could exploit by getting you to interact with malicious spreadsheets.
  • MS14-084 – Important – Windows VBScript Memory Corruption Flaw – The Windows VBScript component suffers from a memory corruption flaw that attackers could leverage through your browser. If an attacker can lure you to a website with malicious code, he could exploit this flaw to execute code with your privileges.
  • MS14-085 – Important – Windows Graphic Component Information Disclosure Flaw – The Graphics component of Windows suffers from a minor flaw that attackers could leverage to learn about the current memory state of your computer. This flaw serves little purpose alone, but could help attackers exploit other memory corruption vulnerabilities easier.

Solution Path:

If you use any of the software mentioned above, you should apply the corresponding updates as soon as you can. I recommend you apply the Critical updates immediately, try to get to the Important ones as a soon as possible, and leave the moderate ones for last.

You can get the updates three ways:

  1. Let Windows Automatic Update do it for you – While patches sometimes introduce new problems, these occasional issues don’t seem to affect clients as often as they do servers. To keep your network secure, I recommend you set Windows clients to update automatically so they get patches as soon as possible.
  2. Manually download and install patches – That said, most businesses strongly rely on production servers and server software. For that reason, I recommend you always test new server updates before applying them manually to production servers. Virtualization can help you build a test environment that mimics your production one for testing.  You can find links to download the various updates in the individual bulletins I’ve linked above.
  3. Download December’s full Security Update ISO –  Finally, Microsoft eventually posts an ISO image that consolidates all the security updates. This ISO conveniently packages the updates in one place for administrators. You’ll eventually find a link to the monthly security ISOs here, but Microsoft may not post it until a few days after Patch Day

For WatchGuard Customers:

Good News! WatchGuard’s Gateway Antivirus (GAV), Intrusion Prevention (IPS), and APT Blocker services can often prevent these sorts of attacks, or the malware they try to distribute. For instance, our IPS signature team has developed signatures that can detect and block many of the attacks described in Microsoft’s alerts:

  • WEB-CLIENT Microsoft Internet Explorer Memory Corruption Vulnerability (CVE-2014-8966)
  • WEB-CLIENT Microsoft Internet Explorer Memory Corruption Vulnerability (CVE-2014-6376)
  • WEB-CLIENT Microsoft Internet Explorer Memory Corruption Vulnerability (CVE-2014-6375)
  • WEB-CLIENT Microsoft Internet Explorer Memory Corruption Vulnerability (CVE-2014-6374)
  • WEB Microsoft Graphics Component Information Disclosure Vulnerability (CVE-2014-6355)
  • FILE Microsoft Word Remote Code Execution Vulnerability (CVE-2014-6357)
  • FILE Microsoft Excel Global Free Remote Code Execution Vulnerability (CVE-2014-6360)
  • WEB-CLIENT Microsoft Internet Explorer ASLR Bypass Vulnerability (CVE-2014-6368)
  • WEB-CLIENT Microsoft Internet Explorer Memory Corruption Vulnerability (CVE-2014-6369)
  • WEB-CLIENT Microsoft Internet Explorer Memory Corruption Vulnerability (CVE-2014-6373)
  • EXPLOIT Adobe Flash Player Memory Corruption (CVE-2014-0574)
  • WEB-CLIENT Microsoft Internet Explorer Memory Corruption Vulnerability (CVE-2014-6327)
  • WEB MIcrosoft Internet Explorer XSS Filter Bypass Vulnerability (CVE-2014-6328)
  • WEB-CLIENT Microsoft Internet Explorer Memory Corruption Vulnerability (CVE-2014-6329)
  • WEB-CLIENT Microsoft Internet Explorer Memory Corruption Vulnerability (CVE-2014-6330)
  • FILE Microsoft Excel Invalid Pointer Remote Code Execution Vulnerability  (CVE-2014-6361)
  • WEB-CLIENT Microsoft VBScript Memory Corruption Vulnerability (CVE-2014-6363)
  • WEB-CLIENT Microsoft VBScript Memory Corruption Vulnerability (CVE-2014-6366)
  • FILE Adobe Flash Player opcode pushwith Memory Corruption Vulnerability (CVE-2014-0586)
  • FILE Adobe Flash Player opcode pushscope Memory Corruption Vulnerability (CVE-2014-0585)

Your Firebox or XTM appliance should get this new IPS signature update shortly.

Furthermore, our Reputation Enabled Defense (RED) and WebBlocker services can often prevent your users from accidentally visiting malicious (or legitimate but booby-trapped) web sites that contain these sorts of attacks. Nevertheless, we still recommend you install Microsoft’s updates to completely protect yourself from all of these flaws. — Corey Nachreiner, CISSP (@SecAdept)

 

DarkHotel & iOS Masque – WSWiR Episode 129

MS Patch Day, DarkHotel, and iOS Masque

Too much Information Security (InfoSec) news, too little time? I sometimes feel the same way. If you don’t have time to keep up yourself, why not watch our weekly InfoSec video to catch the highlights.

This week, I share the highlights from Microsoft Patch Day, talk about a targeted attack preying on executives in hotels, and warn of a new vulnerability that affects anyone with an iPhone or iPad. Click play below to learn all about it, and check out other stories from the week in the Extras section below.

Stay vigilant online and enjoy your weekend!

(Episode Runtime: 12:39)

Direct YouTube Link: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=MwxEksw3j-Q

EPISODE REFERENCES:

EXTRAS:

— Corey Nachreiner, CISSP (@SecAdept)

Evil Tor Exit Node – WSWiR Episode 127

Security FUD, Black Energy, and Tor Terror

Happy Halloween!

The Internet “threatscape” has changed drastically over the past few years, with many more cyber security incidents each year and tons of information security (infosec) news in the headlines. Can you keep up? If not, maybe my weekly infosec video will help.

In today’s quick update, I rant a bit about infosec misinformation, share the latest on the Black Energy ICS attack campaign, and talk about an Evil Tor exit node that dynamically adds malware to downloads. Press play for the scoop, and enjoy your spooky Halloween weekend.

(Episode Runtime: 10:44)

Direct YouTube Link: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=HjejYd_9Oik

Episode References:

Extras:

— Corey Nachreiner, CISSP (@SecAdept)

Cryptowall Malvertising – WSWiR Episode 126

Windows 0day, iCloud MitM, and Cryptowall Rises

You’re a busy IT guy that barely has time to brush your teeth before running off to work, so who has time to follow security news too? Does this sound like you? If so, let our short weekly video inform you of the most important security news in the time it takes you to enjoy your first cup of coffee.

Today’s episode covers another Microsoft zero day flaw, a recent man-in-the-middle (MitM) attack against iCloud, and the latest developments with a nasty piece of ransomware called CryptoWall. Press play below to learn about all that and more, and peruse the Reference section for other stories.

(Episode Runtime: 8:40)

Direct YouTube Link: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=0y5lBIQ0CEI

Episode References:

Extras:

— Corey Nachreiner, CISSP (@SecAdept)

Follow

Get every new post delivered to your Inbox.

Join 7,897 other followers

%d bloggers like this: